Using Force Science Principles to Prevent Tragedies
While understanding the impact of stress on human performance factors is critical in conducting proper investigations, this aspect is only part of the value. Training officers on the realities of human performance factors can help them make proper tactical decisions before the use of force becomes necessary. All too often, officers follow a path under the guise of officer safety without comprehending that their actions are actually placing them at more risk – violating the concept of Priority of Life (POL). Without an understanding of concepts such as the limitations of human attention, perception, and action versus reaction, tactical decision making may be based upon flawed assumptions. Legal applications of the use of force upon an individual require three perceptual aspects of the individual’s behavior to come together and overlap: Intent – Ability – Opportunity. A lack of understanding of human performance factors can lead to officers actually providing the aspect of Opportunity to the individual, resulting in the completion of the necessary blend of the three, resulting in a use of force that is commonly called “lawful but awful”. You will receive an overview of the application of POL and the three perceptual aspects of force. Video from controversial contemporary incidents will be used to apply the concepts and understand what could have happened can be as important as what did happen.